Birds Eye View of Leather Export From Bangladesh:
Most importantly, the Government of Bangladesh has recognized the leather industry as being of key significance to the Bangladeshi economy as far as development and fare potential. Thus the calfskin part in Bangladesh comprises of two sub-segments, in particular, tanning and generation of cowhide merchandise, including footwear too. Since most of the area’s generation happens in and around Dhaka. In this way, the exact figures of the number of individuals utilized in the cowhide business are difficult to discover given the significant number of individuals dynamic in the casual area.
What’s more, business figures may vacillate during the year as the number of laborers ascends after the yearly Muslim celebration of penance, Eid-al-Adha. Like the celebration, Eid-al-Adha includes the butchering of essentially bovines, goats and sheep, there is a crest in the number of butchered creatures. In 2014 an expected 6.5 million creatures were butchered during the Eid-al-Adha celebration. As indicated by the Department of Livestock Services (DLS), the interest during the current year is more than one crore dairy cattle the nation over. Approximately 11,788,563 creatures have been set up to address their issues in 2019.
Then again Bangladesh Business Promotion Council, there are somewhere in the range of 15,000 individuals utilized in the tanning business, 50,000 in the footwear business and another 10,000 in the cowhide products industry. Altogether, around 75,000 specialists are utilized in the tanning and cowhide industry in Bangladesh.
Top Buying Nations of Leather Export From Bangladesh:
Currently, the Bangladeshi calfskin association has an unbelievable future in progressing as shown by the experts of the cowhide adventures. Notwithstanding the way that various infrastructural and creative issue Bangladesh has achieved the second position on the idea of material after the French. Let’s find out the reasons why Bangladeshi calfskin is standard around the world. Moreover, these four reasons are behind the accomplishment. Here they are underneath:
- High qualities of fine grain
- The uniform fiber structure
- Smooth feel
- Natural texture
- The high-quality temperament of raw Hide
Particularly, the pros and acquiring houses expect an indispensable part in the passage of calfskin and cowhide things. Nonetheless, tanneries now and again in like manner have organized relations with remote cowhide items producers. As a matter of first importance, the essential convey objectives for cowhide are Hong Kong, China, Italy, Korea, Taiwan, Japan, Vietnam, and Spain. Among the essential vendors of calfskin items are Belgium, Germany, and the United States.
And afterward, most of the cowhide shoes made in Bangladesh is conveying to the EU, trailed by Japan and the United States. In this way, the investigation gathering recognized a couple of specific stock system joins, yet the general nonappearance of straightforwardness in the business makes it difficult to uncover associations between brands, retailers, and creators of calfskin in Bangladesh.
Types of Leather Export From Bangladesh:
Before 1990, the ban on the export of Wet Blue from Bangladesh, the main export articles was Wet Blue Hides. Overall, real progress in terms of product development with respect to the crust and finished leather commenced after 1990.
Nowadays, the following types of leather articles are in the queue of export to worldwide market from Bangladesh:
- Crust Leather (Cow, Goat, Sheep, Buffalo in variety)
- Finished Leather (Cow, Goat, Sheep, Buffalo in variety)
- Split Leather in Wet Blue stage (Cow & Buffalo)
According to leather Dictionary, crust leather is the term applied to leather, which is dried after tanning but has not yet been dyed. In the case of chrome-tanned leather, this is known as “chrome crust” and, for vegetable-tanned leather, as “vegetable crust”. Crust leather is rarely processed as it is. Usually, the leather is dyed and finished before processing.
First of all, there is a lot of variety in Crust Leather for its tannage. Mainly, the following articles export in Natural Color and Dyed Through (any color) both:
- Full Chrome Cow/Goat/Sheep/Buffalo Crust Leather
- Semi Chrome Cow/Goat/Sheep/Buffalo Crust Leather
- Full Vegetable Cow/Goat/Sheep/Buffalo Crust Leather
- Semi Vegetable Cow/Goat/Sheep/Buffalo Crust Leather
- 100% Chrome Free Full Vegetable Cow/Goat/Sheep/Buffalo Crust Leather
- Ecological (100% Chrome & Vegetable free) Cow/Goat/Sheep/Buffalo Crust Leather
- Full Chrome Cow/Goat/Sheep/Buffalo Lining Crust Leather
- Cow/Goat/Sheep/Buffalo Suede Crust Leather
- Cow/Goat/Sheep/Buffalo Nubuck Crust Leather
- Cow/Buffalo Split Suede Crust Leather etc.
Finishing determines the appearance of the final surface of the leather and the surface properties. This includes coloring, waterproofing, wax dressings, but also mechanical processing stages such as ironing or embossing of the leather. Another one is the finished leather. Cause there is a wide range in the Finished Leather, those are export from Bangladesh. And those are as follows in brief:
- Polished Finished Leather
- Burnished Finished Leather
- Pigmented & Semi-Pigmented Finished Leather
- Aniline, Semi-Aniline & Semi-Aniline Nappa Finished Leather
- Glazed Finished Leather
- Milled Nappa Finished Leather
- Nubuck Finished Leather
- Water Proof Finished Leather
- Corrected/Plastic Finished Leather
- Pattern Finished Leather etc.
SPLIT LEATHER (Wet Blue Stage)
If the skin divides into several layers over the entire surface, this process calls “splitting”. Thicker leather, mostly cow leather, which is 5 to 10 millimeters thick, is split. The obtained layers design as grain split or top-grain split and a flesh split. Sometimes, the leather is thick enough for a middle split. The split, separated from the grain split, also calls drop split. The drop-split leather is rough on both sides like the back of the leather. Finally, the Split Leather export by maintaining some criteria e.g. Size, Thickness, Tannage, with or without Shoulder or only Shoulder, etc. So, to make the thickness even sometimes splits export after shaving. Normally, the following category (in Cow and Buffalo) splits export:
- 5 SF+ Double Butt, 1.0 mm+ (without Shoulder)
- 5 SF+ Single Butt, 1.1 mm+ (without Shoulder)
- 7 SF+ Double Butt, 1.1 mm+ (without Shoulder)
- 7 SF+ Single Butt, 1.2 mm+ (without Shoulder)
- 10 SF+ Double Butt, 1.2 mm+ (without Shoulder)
- 10 SF+ Single Butt, 1.2 mm+ (without Shoulder)
- 7 SF+ Single Butt, 1.2 mm+ (with Shoulder)
- 9 SF+ Single Butt, 1.3 mm+ (with Shoulder)
- 10 SF+ Single Butt, 1.3 mm+ (with Shoulder)
- 12 SF+ Single Butt, 1.3 mm+ (with Shoulder)
- 12 SF+ Double Butt, 1.3 mm+ (with Shoulder)
- 2 SF+ Shoulder, 1.2 mm+
- 3 SF+ Shoulder, 1.3 mm+
- 4 SF+ Shoulder, 1.3 mm+ etc.
- 14 SF+ Single Butt, 1.6 mm+ (with Shoulder)
- 10 SF+ Single Butt, 1.8 mm+ (without Shoulder)
Overall Bangladesh’s leather sector is deeming competitive because of three important issues. First of all, the low labor cost differentiation, then the local availability of hides and a favorable business environment. And this is working by the existence of organizations and institutional arrangements like the Export Processing Zone (EPZ) etc. and duty-free access to major international markets.
At the same time, relocating the tannery industry in Savar Tannery Estate to ensuring environmental compliance, the leather sector will be able to increase exports to markets such as the European Union and the United States and will attract significantly more foreign investment into the leather industry in Bangladesh. Furthermore, the use of the environmentally compliant output from the Savar will lead to greater value addition in the Bangladesh economy.
Then it will encourage graduation of the industry to finished leather goods and footwear. At present, we earn about US$ 1.23 billion by exporting various leather products in FY2016-2017. According to the Export Promotion Bureau (EPB) data, Bangladesh earned $1.01 billion exporting leather, leather goods and leather footwear, the only billion-dollar export earner after the apparel goods, in the fiscal year 2018-19.
Basically, in the FY18, the export earnings from the leather sector were $1.08 billion and the sector saw a 12% decline in export earnings. Of the total earnings from the leather sector in FY19, leather products earned $247.28 million, down by 26.58%. So, the earning was $336.8 million in the previous year. On the other hand, processed leather exports also declined by 10% to $164.62 million against $183.1 million in the same period a year ago. However, exports earning from the leather footwear posted a 7.48% growth to $607.88 million, which was $565.6 million in the FY18.
And the government, however, has set a target to earn $5.0 billion from exporting leather, leather goods, and the footwear sector as part of the $60 billion overall export earnings by 2021. So, we are hoping to fulfill our goals and also improve our technical issues properly. In addition, we need a proper strategy and plan to develop our work and work environment as well. Now our government takes this sector as their priority sector. So, we can say that soon we will reach our destination.